But which nation did he rule?

Evidence for the Biblical King ‘Shalman’

But which nation did he rule?


He’s an enigmatic biblical figure—his name is mentioned only once in the Bible, alongside a brief note about one city that he violently conquered. Archaeological evidence has confirmed his existence, but that’s a little simplistic. Because technically, he could be one of six different historical figures. The question is which—and it depends on whom you ask. But one particular individual stands out from the rest.

The scripture in question is Hosea 10:14:

"Therefore shall a tumult arise among thy hosts, and all thy fortresses shall be spoiled, as Shalman spoiled Beth-arbel in the day of battle; the mother was dashed in pieces with her children."

The Prophet Hosea was on the scene during the main body of the eighth century B.C.E., as shown clearly from the list of contemporary kings in Hosea 1:1. "The word of the Lord that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel." Who, during or before this period, could this enemy ruler "Shalman" have been?


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